Answer: Throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries women and non-propertied men organised opposition movements demanding equal political rights. It promised freedom to the people of France. Like Germany, Italy was also politically fragmented. A nation-state was one in which the majority of its citizens and rulers together developed a sense of common identity and shared history or descent. What is its significance? (ii) Liberals argued for the unified economic territory comprising of common currency, weights and measures and unrestricted mobility of people, goods and capital. New hymns were composed, oaths taken and martyrs commemorated, all in the name of the nation. What was the main aim of the French revolutionaries? Metternich described him as ‘the most dangerous enemy of our social order’. The members of Young Europe were like-minded young men from Poland, France, Italy and the German states. Giuseppe Mazzini, a young revolutionary from Italy was a member of the secret society of the Carbonary. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. During this period, there was intense rivalry among the European powers over trade and colonies. What was the Estates General renamed? Question 7. Initially, in many places such as Holland and Switzerland, as well as in certain cities like Brussels, Mainz, Milan and Warsaw, the French armies were welcomed as harbinger of liberty. Check the best updated NCERT solutions for 10 Social Science History Chapter 1 - The Rise of Nationalism in Europe. • After 1848, nationalism in Europe moved away from its association with democracy and revolution. ‘Napoleon was a great administrator’. Prussia emerged as It established equality before the law and secured the right to property. (iv) In Poland, nationalist feelings were kept alive through music and language. (iii) A New Conservation after 1815: After the death of Napoleon in 1815 European governments were driven in a spirit of conservatism. Cancel anytime. Please help as soon as possible, need the … It was elected by the body of active citizens of France. Describe the events of French Revolution which had influenced the people belonging to other parts of Europe. He subsequently founded two more underground societies – Young Italy in Marseilles and Young Europe in Berne. “Napoleon had, no doubt, destroyed democracy in France, but in the administrative field he had incorporated revolutionary principles in order to make the whole system more rational and efficient.” Support the statement. (ii) The spread of the ideas of romantic nationalism in the Balkans together with the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire made this region very explosive. Answer: In most countries there were more seekers of jobs than employment. He wanted to see Italy as a single unified republic within a wider alliance of nations. Secret societies were established in many European states to train revolutionaries and spread their ideas. Answer: Jacobin clubs were political clubs that came into existence during the French Revolution. (i) The Balkans was a region of geographical and ethnic variation comprising modern-day Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia Herzegovina, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro whose inhabitants were broadly known as the Slays. • Conservative forces were able to suppress liberal movements in 1848, but could not restore the old order. It established equality of all before the law and secured the right to property. Answer: Explain with examples Question 25. Answer: How far is it correct to say that the time period from 1830 to 1848 saw hunger, hardship, revolt and revolution of the liberals? (ii) The revolution proclaimed that it was the people who would henceforth constitute the nation and shape its destiny. Explain with examples. Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Solutions, Tamilnadu Board Class 9 Science Solutions, Tamilnadu Board Class 9 Social Science Solutions, Tamilnadu Board Class 9 English Solutions, Extra Questions for Class 10 Social Science, What is Speed in Physics? Question sent to expert. However, the Napoleonic code went back to limited suffrage and reduced women to the status of a mirror, subject to authority of fathers and husbands. Apart from regular troops, a large number of armed volunteers under the leadership of Giuseppe Garibaldi joined the fray. Napoleon was a great administrator. Answer: (1 point) i. tenement housing ii. However, this liberal movement was repressed by the combined forces of monarchy and military supported by Prussian landowners. Explain. CBSE Class 10 History Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 10 Social Science.Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 10 Social Science SST History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism … The liberal nationalists criticised the new conservation order and wanted the freedom of press. Explain the process of unification of Italy. The liberal nationalists or the educated middle class planned ways to overthrow monarchy and bring in a government of the people. Explain any three reasons. Question 2. An ideology is a system of ideas reflecting a particular social and political vision. During the 1830s, he put together a coherent programme for a unitary Italian Republic. These rivalries were very evident in the way the Balkan problem unfolded. Answer: When the Articles of Confederation were drafted, Americans had had little experience of what a national government could do for them and bitter experi... I’m kinda annoyed by these 2 people so how do you like delete the question AND THEM? Mazzini was dead against monarchy and wanted to set up democratic republic in its place. Question 15. Question 3. The ideals of freedom, of equality before the law and of fraternity remained inspiring ideals that motivated political movements in France and the rest of Europe for a long time. Italians were scattered over several dynastic states as well as the multi-national Habsburg Empire. Its process includes. The failure of revolutionary uprisings both in 1831 and 1848 meant that the mantle now fell on Sardinia-Piedmont under its ruler Emmanuel II to unify the Italian states through wars. Nationalist feelings started spreading amongst the middle class Germans, who in 1848, tried to unite different parts of German confederation into a nation state to have an elected parliamentarian government. Answer: It abolished the feudal system and freed peasants from serfdom and manorial dues. Name them. During the nineteenth century, this was a strong demand of the emerging middle classes. What did conservatives believe? (iv) Most of these revolutionaries saw the creation of nation-states as a necessary part of this struggle for freedom. Question 6. (iv) The document is about how people should live together in society, and it has had an impact on people all over the world. The first print shows the people of Europe and America marching in a long train and offering homage to the Statue of Liberty as they pass it. Answer: (b) How the First World War helped in the growth of the National Movement in … Meaning of Liberal nationalism. The subscriptoin renews automaticaly until you cancel. Explain by giving examples. What was the Act of Union, 1707? It created a wave of economic nationalism which strengthened the wider nationalist sentiments growing at the time. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science History The Rise of Nationalism in Europe are available in PDF format for free download.These ncert book chapter wise questions and answers are very helpful for CBSE exam. Explain the statement in the light of the changes he brought about in France. Instead, they set up secret societies in many European states to train revolutionaries and spread their ideas. No commitments. Answer: It refers to a female figure signifying liberty. This confederation was earlier set by Napoleon. For the middle class in Europe, liberalism stood for freedom of an individual and equality for all. Question 1. These solutions will help you learn the facts and events easily. This document is highly rated by Class 10 students and has been viewed 9108 times. When was the Congress of Vienna held? In 1821 in the Greek war of independence, the Greeks began a nationalist movement. Many steps were taken to achieve economic liberalism. The new constitution granted equal rights to the people and limited the powers of the monarch. German unification was a long and complicated process. They took pride in their clothing which was loose and mostly of the colours of the French National flag blue, white and red. National liberalism was primarily an ideology and a movement of the 19th century. Question 4. Explain. Democracy was an effect of liberal nationalism. Chapter 1.5 What Did Liberal Nationalism Stand For - Class 10th History The video explains the topic of liberal nationalism in a comprehensive way. Explain: (a) Why growth of nationalism in the colonies is linked to an anti-colonial movement. Men without property and all women were excluded from political rights. Answer: Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 10 History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe with Answers Pdf free download. Europe hence saw a series of revolutions in Italy, Germany, Poland, Turkey and Ireland. OR The ideas of la patrie (the fatherland) and le citoyen (the citizen) emphasised the notion of a united community enjoying equal rights under a constitution. Describe the process of unification of Germany. Liberal Nationalists in the economic sphere: 1. What is the Statue of Liberty? He became a member of the secret society of the Carbonari. Why were secret societies established in many European states? He opposed monarchy and favoured democratic republics. The first upheaval took place in France in July 1830. Question 5. A centralised administrative system was put in place and it formulated uniform laws for all citizens within its territory. The Civil Code of 1804, usually known as the Napoleonic Code, abolished all privileges based on birth. What were Jacobin Clubs? He brought many changes to make an efficient administrative system. The Congress of Vienna was held in 1815. Napoleon was a great administrator. the scene of big power rivalry. There were several reasons behind it. This created difficulties for traders. It means a political philosophy that stressed the importance of tradition established institution and customers and preferred gradual development to quick change. It took a long time to unite Germany into one country and the credit goes to Bismarck. Matters were further complicated because the Balkans also became In this page, you can find CBSE Class 10 History Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Pdf free download, NCERT Extra Questions for Class 10 Social Science will make your practice complete. Explain any three beliefs of the conservatism that emerged after 1815. What do you mean by this? At the age of 24, he was sent into exile in 1831 for attempting a revolution in Liguria. In his utopian vision, the peoples of the world were grouped as distinct nations, identified through their flags and national costume. date battle result april 19, 1775 june 17, 1775 dec. 31, 1775 aug. 27, 1776 oct. 26, 1776 dec. 26, 1776 sept. 11, 1777 sept. 19, 1777 oct. 4, 1777 oct. 7, 1777 dec. 5, 1777 june 8, 1778 sept. 16, 1779 march 29, 1780 sept. 28, 1781 can i get the name of the battles and the result on the battles on the dates above. The educated liberal middle-class promoted the idea of national unity in Europe. All people are presumed innocent until proven guilty. Question 10. The area called the Balkans was the most serious source of nationalist tension in Europe after 1871. But they were not idle. 39 On 26th Jan, 1950 the Indian Constitution came in force. Answer: Explain. They began to favour modernisation instead of returning to the society of pre-revolutionary days. NCERT Solutions for Class 10th: Chapter 3 Nationalism in India History Social Studies (Social Science – S.St) Page No: 74 Write in Brief 1. In May 1848, various political associations convened the Frankfurt parliament. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In 1860, they marched into South Italy and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and drove out the Spanish rulers. It aimed to bind German people economically as a nation by removing the economic barriers to their interaction. (ii) Most conservatives, however, were very much influenced by the changes initiated by Napoleon. ↪Liberal Nationalism is the most developed and well established form of the nationalism. Unification of Italy was a tough task and Mazzini, Cavour and Garibaldi played an important role in it-. (v) Mazzini set up two more underground societies, first, Young Italy in Marseilles, and then, Young Europe in Bireuen, whose members were like-minded young men from Poland, France, Italy and the German States. He brought many changes to make an efficient administrative system, Question 2. These reforms proved to be a boon for peasants, artisans, workers and new businessmen who could now enjoy freedom to a great extent. (iii) Bismarck fought three wars over seven years with Denmark (Danish-Prussian War 1864), Austria (Austro-Prussian War 1866) and France (France-Prussian War 1870-71). It introduced several changes. Who hosted this? Mazzini- Giuseppe Mazzini set up a secret society to spread his nationalist sentiments among the like-minded people. Explain any three economic hardships that Europe faced in the 1830s. Ans. Frédéric Sorrieu, a French artist, in 1848 prepared a series of four prints visualising his dream of a world made up of democratic and Social Republics. 1. While the conservative regimes were trying to consolidate their power, the liberals and nationalists continued to spread the idea of revolution. Dutch Republic, in Switzerland, Italy and Germany. Question 4. How did nationalism develop through culture in Europe? In 1861, Victor Emmanuel II was proclaimed king of united Italy. During the middle of the nineteenth century, Italy was divided into seven states – Sardinia-Piedmont, Lombardy, Venetia, Parma and Modena, Tuscamy, Papal state and Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. After Russian occupation the Polish language was forced out of the schools and the Russian language was imposed everywhere in Poland. the formula h =120t -16 t^2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from earth's surface with an initial velocity of... How many cubes are there & what’s the number of faces? Question 22. Revolutionary war. Answer: Men without property and all women were excluded from political rights. Each power was keen on countering the hold of other powers over the Balkans, and extending its own control over the area. Duties were often levied according to the weight or measurement of the goods. Mazzini’s vision of democratic republics frightened the conservatives. During the middle of the nineteenth century, Italy was divided into seven states -Sardinia Piedmont, Lombardy, Venetia, Parma, Modena, Tuscany, Papal state and Kingdom of the Both Sicilies. What were the changes introduced by it? In Germany, Italy, Poland and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, men and women of the liberal middle class began demanding a constitution, and national unification. Karol Kurpinski celebrated the national struggle through his opera and music, turning folk dances like the polonaise and mazurka into nationalist symbols. The educated liberal middle-class promoted the idea of national unity in Europe. Answer: Which factor helped in the formation of a nation-state in Britain? Visualising the Nation. Explain the contribution of Otto von Bismarck in German unification. They focussed on emotions, intention and mystical feelings. Answer: Mention the role of the following personalities in the process of unification of Italy: Answer: 4. The French revolutionaries took many steps to create a sense of collective identity among the French people. (V. Imp) Some of its key principles are-. In the early 19th century liberal nationalism stood for freedom for the individual and equality in a nation. (Imp) During the age of imperialism, suez canal connected which two bodies of water? (ii) Prussia then took the charge of German unification. (iii) All through the nineteenth century the Ottoman Empire tried to strengthen itself through modernisation and internal reforms but achieved little success. Economically, this ideology propagated natural right to property. During the years following 1815, the fear of repression drove many liberal-nationalists underground and therefore they took the issue of freedom of press. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries artists tried to give a face to … Answer: Answer: Culture played an important role in creating the idea of the nation in Europe- The system must accept sovereignty and a representative government. The red cap that they wore symbolised liberty. In 1861, Victor Emmanuel II became the king of unified Italy. Which were the two secret societies set up by Giuseppe Mazzini? Mention any three. Which class promoted the idea of national unity in Europe? The rise of food prices or a year of bad harvest added their misery. What did it mean to be revolutionary in early nineteenth-century Europe? Answer: NCERT Class 10 History Solutions: Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe (India and the Contemporary World – II) Part 3 Glide to success with Doorsteptutor material for CBSE/Class-10 Hindi: fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation - practice your way to success. (iii) The emphasis on vernacular language was also important to take the nationalist message to a large number of people who were mostly illiterate. How did culture play an important role in creating the idea of the nation in Europe? (i) Romanticism was a cultural movement which sought to develop a particular form of nationalist sentiment in Europe. Question 11. Question 9. Following the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, European governments were driven by a spirit of conservatism. ↪Liberal nationalism is a necessary in any nation. For them, collecting and recording these forms of folk culture was essential to the project of nation building. Answer: 3 question What’s were the effects of liberal nationalism (grade 10th cbse history chapter 1 ) . Nationalist feelings were widespread among middle-class Germans, who in 1848 tried to unite the different regions of the German confederation into a nation-state governed by an elected parliament. (iii) The constitution began with a Declaration of the Rights of Man. Question 16. This liberal initiative to nation-building was, however, repressed by the combined forces of the monarchy and the military, supported by the large landowners (called Junkers) of Prussia. Which of the following would one might expect to be a characteristic of an edge city? Transport and communication systems were also improved. Who elected the ‘National Assembly’ in France? Zollverein was in fact a custom union formed in 1834. (i) The French Revolution created a sense of collective identity amongst the French people. Explain. What is the difference between the orientation of a figure vs the orientation of vertices? (i) Following the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, European governments were driven by a spirit of conservatism. Answer: Why was Zollverein formed? Answer: Question 1. NCERT Book Solutions For Class 10 History Chapter 1 Rise of Nationalism in Europe Free PDF. (iii) In those regions of Europe where the aristocracy still enjoyed power, peasants struggled under the burden of feudal dues and obligations. • In 1848, Germans tried to unite into a nation-state. National-liberal goals were the pursuit of individual and economic freedom, as well as national sovereignty. Jacobin clubs became a great success. What was the major change that occurred in the political and constitutional scenario due to French Revolution in Europe? Liberalism stood for freedom of markets. office parks iii. Dec 05, 2020 - Important questions for chapter 1 history Class 10 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Class 10. 32 + 8 + 1 1. Answer: nationalities broke away from its control and declared independence. (ii) It emphasised the notion of a united community enjoying equal rights under a constitution. Answer: (iv) The Prussian King, William I was proclaimed the German Emperor in a ceremony held at Versailles in January 1871. He formed a tactful diplomatic alliance with France and defeated the Austrian forces. Question 14. (iii) To be revolutionary at this time meant a commitment to oppose monarchical forms that had been established after the Vienna Congress, and to fight for liberty and freedom. He simplified administrative divisions in the. Hence, the rebellious nationalities in the Balkans thought of their struggles as attempts to win back their independence. Its process includes. Question 4. 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