Starting from a case study in the metropolitan area of Rome, we highlight the role of urban trees and forests as proxies for overall biodiversity and as main ecosystem service providers. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212041614001521, Nature in the metropolis : Mapping biodiversity using metropolitan landscape characterization tools. Compared to other natural and artificial ecosystems human population density is high, and their interaction with the different patch types produces emergent properties and complex feedbacks among ecosystem components. This paper presents a conceptual framework to facilitate the development of an inclusive model for the sustainability assessment of green infrastructure. The social-ecological context and content of OSEI were investigated using a cross-scale approach. [site visité le 05/11/2015] Assessment of Urban Ecosystem Services using Ecosystem Services Reviews and GIS-based Tools SIEBER Jeannette, PONS Manon Procedia Engineering, Vol. Quelle place tiendra la cyberville dans l’écosystème urbain ? Urban ecosystems rely on large subsidies of imported water, nutrients, food and other resources. THE URBAN ECOSYSTEM DESIGN LAB IS AN EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH GROUP EXPLORING SOCIO-ECOLOGICAL RESPONSES TO DESIGN INITIATIVES IN THE URBAN REALM. Such an approach potentially overlooks important feedbacks among and drivers of human-wildlife interactions that result from mere wildlife presence versus absence. DENNIS Matthew http://pubs.sciepub.com/aees/2/6/1/index.html, Évaluer les écosystèmes urbains et leurs services : des spécificités ? Thèse en Géographie, Université de Strasbourg, publiée le 24 février 2016 Quant à la végétation arborée, elle a été étudiée en quantifiant les services et desservices écosystémiques en appliquant le modèle i-Tree Eco." This article brings together the collective insights of scholars and practitioners from a wide range of disciplines – lawyers and urban planners to ecologists and economists. Elle incite les citoyens à participer au concours national "Entente Florale"." [site visité le 19/02/2016] Proceedings of the Royal Society B - Biological Sciences, 12 February 2014, doi 10.1098/rspb.2013.3330 VertigO - la revue électronique en sciences de l’environnement [En ligne], Volume 12 Numéro 2 | septembre 2012, LaPresse.ca, 22 octobre 2013. No 24, 3 déc. http://www.lesenr.fr/actualites/699-enfinunlabelbiodiversitealechelleurbaine.html, Urban ecosystem analysis : identifying tools and methods The main sociodemographic characteristics that explained differences in urban and rural ES valuation were education, income, and affluence; they were all generally higher in urban areas (Martín-López et al. However, strategic and land-use planners need operational and accessible tools to better understand the consequences of policy and planning measures. La revue forestière française, n°3, 2012, La ville, nouvel écosystème du XXIe siècle. qualitative and quantitative or social-ecological) and policy relevant studies. Bien que le recours au modèle soit empreint d’incertitude, il a permis de démontrer le rôle des arbres dans l’amélioration de la qualité de l’air. I also consider community characteristics such as stability and productivity. So far, particular attention went to mapping and assessment of condition and services provided by forests, crop- and grasslands, freshwater and marine ecosystems. Therein, different frameworks are interlinked in order to create an integrated approach for cities. [site visité le 26/05/2017], Combining the Conservation of Biodiversity with the Provision of Ecosystem Services in Urban Green Infrastructure Planning : Critical Features Arising from a Case Study in the Metropolitan Area of Rome / Giulia Capotorti, Eva Del Vico, Ilaria Anzellotti, Laura Celesti-Grapow In : MASCHINO L., SCOUARNEC A. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877705815016379, Misurare la sostenibilità urbana. MCHALE Melissa R., PICKETT Steward T.A., BARBOSA Olga, et al. Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum (Forthcoming) However, whilst the focus has been on the benefits of reducing urban area, we know much less about how urban densification changes the ecosystem characteristics of the urban areas themselves. Landscape Ecology, October 2014, Vol.29, Issue 8, pp. Le séminaire annuel de l’Efese offre à chaque fin d’année l’occasion de faire un point sur les avancées du programme et de discuter de ses orientations auprès d’un large public." By considering this information while examining the policies related to ecosystems and residential development in Trondheim, the study is able to propose new policies or regulations for the city’s future planning initiatives." ► Social practices of value articulation are studied in local struggles over land-use. https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01136771, Mapping and assessment of urban ecosystems and their services / Sara Maia Rocha, Grazia Zulian, Joachim Maes, Martijn Thijssen S., POUDEROIJEN M.T. In contrast the horizontal structure the ecosystem develops along, as for example can be the example of the riverbed. This integrated framework may then be applied to develop a composite indicator-based assessment model to measure and monitor performance of green infrastructure projects and support future studies." HANSENA Rieke, FRANTZESKAKIB Niki, MCPHEARSON Timon, et al. LesENR, 20 janvier 2014 2008GAL European Journal of Sustainable Development, vol.5, n°3, pp. One of such green spaces, is the Byoasen located in the Nørrebro suburb of Copenhagen, Denmark. 2016). PhD Thesis, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals, January 2015, 231 p. Our review offers a foundation for seeking novel, nature-based solutions to emerging urban challenges such as wicked environmental change issues." http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/Evaluation-francaise-des,46321.html, Ecosystem services in municipal spatial planning. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, publié en novembre 2015, 65 p. 7–17. the urban ecosystem design lab is an experimental research group exploring socio-ecological responses to design initiatives in the urban realm. http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/7/5/5211/htm, Comment et pourquoi préserver et valoriser le patrimoine naturel et la diversité des espèces végétales et animales au cœur des villes?. Celle-ci permet d’évaluer et de suivre les évolutions de l’environnement urbain, de détecter et de mettre en œuvre des moyens de réduire le métabolisme territorial, et surtout de clarifier les différents processus qui s’opèrent dans la ville (décisionnels, organisationnels, etc.) http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10980-014-0085-0#page-1, Conserving the Value of Ecosystem Services in Suburban Residential Development. Francesco Martinico, Daniele La Rosa, Riccardo Privitera KACZOROWSKA Anna iForest, online 2014-05-19, doi : 10.3832/ifor1171-007 Myla F. J. Aronson, et al. Brussels). Exemple de la métropole lyonnaise. The data for this progress re-port was gathered by means of a telephone survey. We mapped ecosystem services in an urban park with high spatial detail. [site visité le 27 janvier 2014] By adding more detailed characteristics of land use through the concept of Service Providing Elements (SPEs), and by assessing synergies and trade-offs between these attributes, implications for the supply of ESs at different scale levels could be identified and discussed. [site visité le 13/05/2015] This thesis therefore attempted to link biodiversity and recreational values of urban green spaces through an interdisciplinary research of trade-offs and synergies between biodiversity conservation and human recreation." http://www.ladocumentationfrancaise.fr/rapports-publics/074000752/index.shtml, publié le 13 février 2018 (modifié le 4 décembre 2019), The state and use of municipal tree inventories in Swedish municipalities – results from a national survey, Les espaces verts urbains : éclairages sur les services écosystémiques culturels. The findings show that different types of green space provide different ES, highlighting the importance of careful design during city planning. One such response is the community-led management of urban green spaces as a form of organised social-ecological innovation (OSEI). Landscape online, 51:1-21, 2017, 21 p. [site visité le 20 mars 2014] ALBERT Christian, ARONSON James, FÜRST Christine, OPDAM Paul L’écologie urbaine est stricto sensu un domaine de l'écologie (la science qui étudie les écosystèmes) qui s'attache à l'étude de l'écosystème : la ville. Les outils et méthodes d’analyse des écosystèmes urbains deviennent fondamentaux dans un contexte où les situations se complexifient. Based on a study of the City of Stockholm and its surrounding region, we argue that spatially explicit land-use mapping is a good base for modeling and visualizing the supply of urban ESs provided by different patterns of Service Providing Units. Ce rapport propose des pistes pour améliorer l’état des parcs nationaux et des espaces verts urbains au Royaume-Uni, dont le rôle écosystémique n’est plus à démontrer. Ce document s’adresse principalement aux élus locaux désireux de s’engager dans la protection et la valorisation de la biodiversité locale, par la mise en place de continuités écologiques sur leur territoire, afin de maintenir une biodiversité ordinaire jusqu’au cœur de la ville." the centre, parks, wasteland) as well as 'the ecosystem' of the entire city (e.g. For future spatial planning practice it is recommended that value of ecosystem services should be negotiated instead of assessed by experts." This growing and critical area. ): 44 MORZILLO A. T., de nombreux projets associent chercheurs, territoriales... Ecosystem is a dynamic system evidence on the important task of reconciling environmental sciences with the world ’ growing... Pourquoi la combinaison d ’ aménagement Régional, oct. 2011.- 126 p., cartes fig.. 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