The relatively small flowers grow in groups. Rank ... Rosa ×damascena Mill. (1867), p. 606; ibid., Vol. Antique, heirloom, old and rare roses available for mail order at Rogue Valley Roses of Phoenix, Oregon. This group played its part in the formation of the Hybrid Perpetuals, which had largely displaced it in gardens by the middle of the 19th century. This rose was named R. gallica var. ; R. centifolia á R. bifera Poir. Rosa Damascena Plants is one of the highly valued plants on earth due to its numerous benefits, thus finding a genuine Rosa Damascena Plants for Sale might be like looking for a needle in a stack of hay. – A low-growing rose, spreading by suckers, its stems armed with fine prickles of various sizes. York and Lancaster Rose. Rosa is a genus of about 200 species, widely distributed in Asia, Europe, North Africa, North America, and the cold temperate to subtropical regions. Flowers semi-double, fragrant, in shades of blush or pink, borne in lax clusters of up to a dozen, each on a long stalk which is densely covered with glandular bristles and small prickles (but the inflorescence more compact in some of the Autumn Damasks). SubstanCe: Abbreviation: Systematics: Rosa damascena Damask Rose: Ros-d: Rosaceae: R. calendarum, bifera, centifolia bifera, dt. [gallica × moschata] – damask rose Subordinate Taxa. SynonymsR. In India the principal centre is now at Jaunpur, north-west of Benares. R. ‘Portlandica’ Portland Rose, Scarlet Four Seasons. Chron. The epithet bifera was given by Poiret in the belief that ‘le Rosier des Quatres Saisons’ was the twice-bearing rose of Paestum often alluded to by the Roman poets; this had frequent flowers, but they were usually described as of a deep red colour.The first reference in modern literature to a remontant Damask appears in Ferrari’s Flora, seu de Florum Cultura, a work published in Rome in 1633, where it is called … It can reach up to 7 feet in height. An ancient cultivated rose from Asia Minor, the damask rose was first brought to Europe by the crusaders in the Middle Ages. Hort., Vol. semperflorens (Loisel.) It is perhaps the outward sign of partial infertility.The Autumn Damasks are also represented in gardens by the old ‘Quatre Saisons Blanc Mousseux’ (‘Perpetual White Moss’). I, p. 109, t.; R. Paestana Hort.). The York and Lancaster usually has the variegation that Parkinson mentions first (‘party-coloured’ as Rea termed it some years later) and is shown in Graham Thomas, The Old Shrub Roses, Plate IV, facing p. 104. For information about how you could sponsor this page, see How You Can Help, Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles. The Damask rose as usually understood was certainly put to a similar use (as was R. moschata), but other roses may have the same property. The leaves are pinnate, with five (rarely seven) leaflets. Rosa Duchesse de Montebello (pale coral) – Gentle Grace Growth habit: Erect, with synchronous branching giving a: globular shape to canopy; canopy diameter or: growth spread of a three-year old is about 0.80-0.90 m as compared to 0.60-0.70 m of ‘Noorjahan’. Hist. It is interesting that the same name, in the semi-italianised form ‘Trentaphilla’, is given as one of the names of the Damask rose in a commentary on the works of the Arab physician Mesuë, published in Venice in 1540. The only information in Herrmann’s dissertation that suggests some connection between his R. damascena and Miller’s is that, according to him, this rose was known in Germany as ‘die Molcken-Rose’ or ‘Damascener-Rose’, from which a purgative was made by infusing the flowers in whey (Molcke in German). Pers. It is perhaps the outward sign of partial infertility. Names Redouté, Pierre Joseph (1759-1840) (Engraver) Thory, Claude-Antoine (1759-1827) (Author) Collection. As one of the oldest rose varieties, the Damask has given birth to thousands of new varieties while maintaining its own unique heritage. The Autumn Damasks are also represented in gardens by the old ‘Quatre Saisons Blanc Mousseux’ (‘Perpetual White Moss’). It was not known to Gerard or Parkinson, but is mentioned in the Flora of John Rea (1665). For the untenable theory that it was a hybrid between R. damascena and ‘Slater’s Crimson China’, raised in Italy, see under R. chinensis ‘Semperflorens’. bifera: Synonym: Rosa damascena var. Flowers bright red, semi-double, in clusters of three or four, faintly scented, borne from midsummer into autumn (R. Portlandica West., Fl. Dieck saw the same or a similar rose in Asia Minor and Cyprus, and took the epithet trigintipetala from the modern Greek name ‘triandafil’, or thirty-leaved (i.e., thirty-petalled). The Autumn Damask still in cultivation agrees very well with the botanical type of var. But little is known today of the Belgic roses, and it is questionable whether they were of the same parentage as R. damascena Mill. Rosa bifera. General Description. Add to cart. ;Rosa x damascena Miller var. Each thory art print is produced using archival inks, ships within 48 hours, and comes with a 30-day money back guarantee! 210-12. ; R. bifera Portlandica Loisel. hundred leaved/petaled rose; syn. Several sorts of Autumn Damask were grown, but during the first half of the 19th century they were displaced by the various hybrid remontant roses, which owe their ‘perpetual-flowering’ character partly to the Autumn Damasks and partly to the China roses. It is most useful for its repeat flowering in the late summer. - Rosa damascena bifera - Rosa damascena 'Celsiana' - Rosa damascena rubrotincta - Rosa damascena semperflorens - Rosa damascena subalba - Rosa damascena trigintipetala - Rosa damascena var. 2 : 48 (1806) Recent research in Japan indicates that both summer and autumn damask roses originated with ( R. moschata X R. gallica) X R. fedtschenkoana. var. calendarum Borkh.R. Another pre-Linnaean name for R. lacteola was R. alba, minor of Caspar Bauhin’s Pinax (1623). (1859), p. 671; ibid. Its affinity is with R. gallica, but its armature, although mixed as in that species, is denser and stronger, the prickles being more numerous and the bristles stiffer; the inflorescence is usually laxer, with more numerous flowers, the receptacles are more elongate, and the sepals longer and more pinnated (though strongly pinnated in some forms of R. gallica), and completely reflexed at flowering-time; it is also taller, and does not sucker. Since the 17th century, Rosa Damascena oil has impacted the livelihood, culture, and traditions of Bulgarians living in the southern sub-mountain region of the Balkan Mountains that the valley is now known across the globe as The Valley of Roses. Chron. Pers.R. It is a hybrid derived from Rosa gallica and Rosa moschata. This plant has no children Legal Status. 3 (1875), p. 202; ibid., Vol. This on at least two occasions has sported back to the pink-flowered moss-less Damask described above (see Graham Thomas, The Old Shrub Roses, p. 161 and plate IV). Receptacle narrowly ellipsoid, or narrowly campanulate, sometimes (especially in some Autumn Damasks) funnel-shaped, with the same covering as the sepals. It grows vigorous, upright, reaching 180 cm in height and 120 in width, greyish green foliage; it can be grown as a climber, it is not re-flowering but produces rose-hips at the end of the season. Pers. centifolia (L.) Regel), the provence rose or cabbage rose or Rose de Mai is a hybrid rose developed by Dutch rose breeders in the period between the 1600s and the 1800s, possibly earlier. The variegated R. damascena was first described by Clusius in 1601, from information given to him by a Cologne gardener, and was named by him R. versicolor. Open for visitation by appointment only & for Customer Order Pickup weekdays between11:00 AM and 4:00 PM. Gene, Vol. II, p. 206). Sporadic flowering may continue throughout the year in some cases. Latin Name: Rosa damascena Common Name: Rose Absolute (aka Damask Rose, Bulgarian Rose, Turkish Rose) Botanical Name: Rosa x damascena (synonymous with Rosa bifera, Rosa calendarum) Botany: A deciduous shrub growing to 7 feet tall with beautiful pink roses. (1845), p. 211, quoting from Bishop Heber’s Indian Journal). It is a bush to about 4 ft high, which if pruned in late winter will bloom from June until autumn. The old medical botanists were concerned with R. damascena as the source of a purgative liquor, and make only passing reference to the fragrance of its flowers, for which, and as a source of rose-water, it was more commonly grown. R. damascena is not known in the wild state. var. Rosa × centifolia (lit. praenestina’, the Plinian name used by him for R. damascena, and indeed his detailed description agrees very well with Parkinson’s. This is a plant whose flowers produced petals that used in the making of Rosa damascena Oil. 52 (1912), p. 425; Journ. In earlier times there was a famous attar industry in the Fayyum Oasis, southwest of Cairo, while in India the largest fields were at Ghazipur, north-east of Benares (Hooker, Himalayan Journals (1854), p. 211; Gard. The next possible name in order of priority is R. belgica Mill., often made a synonym of R. damascena. The Spanish doctor Monardes, in a work written in 1551, called the Damasks Rosae Alexandrinae or Rosae Persicae, the former name indicating that they had reached Spain from Alexandria and the latter the place of their birth. cv. There are currently no active references in this article. bifera 3. BORKH., Rosa centifolia bifera , POIRET, Rosa gallica. The distilled oil or spirit from its petals, he added in the Theatrum, ‘serveth more for outward perfumes than inward Physicke … and yet there is by many times much more of them spent and used than of red roses, so much hath pleasure outstripped necessary use’. PERS., Rosa calendarum. Recommended citation'Rosa damascena' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/rosa/rosa-damascena/). Sepals up to twice the length of the flower-bud, with slender, sometimes slightly expanded tails and with lateral appendages, glandular and hairy on the back, strongly reflexed at flowering-time, soon deciduous. The Damask rose is a deciduous shrub growing to 2.2 metres (7 ft 3 in) tall, the stems densely armed with stout, curved prickles and stiff bristles. Dates / Origin Date Issued: 1817 - 1824 Place: A Paris Four Seasons or Monthly Rose, Autumn Damask. Additional title: Rosa x bifera Pers. Of independent artists and iconic brands Middle Ages 1867 ), p. 202 ;,... 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